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Table 1 The operation of the BU approach to studying the adaptive reuse of architectural heritage based on the preference measurement method

From: Research frameworks, methodologies, and assessment methods concerning the adaptive reuse of architectural heritage: a review

Process Objectives Tools/methods Expected inputs
Expert-based Community-based Outcomes
i) Information analysis Generate a shared understanding of the concept of and the values in the criteria and indicators (C & I) system and the current situation Desk study, documentation and content analysis Literature review, identify the generic C & I set and system boundaries, knowledge gaps, needs and expectations, and conduct training Critical reflection, communication/knowledge sharing, stakeholder interactions, and dialogue Team formation and boundaries for areas (e.g., site selection)
ii) Awareness building Understanding architectural heritage and the direction of adaptive reuse Discussion, stakeholder analysis, meetings, bio-physical, socio-economic, policy and SWOT analyses Sharing ideas and experiences, system boundaries, facilitating the future direction of co-learning environments Formulating problems, reflecting, sharing knowledge, experiences, views, skills, perspectives, values and capacities and desires for the future and creating the strategy Improve understanding and practices and realise complex, dynamic and multi-level outcomes
iii) C & I development C & I development and formulation of management strategies Training/visioning workshops, focus group discussions, assessment, and multiple criteria analysis (MCA) approaches Facilitating system approaches/perspectives, searching for common ground and linking future visions Visioning and goal setting, planning and decision making, identifying key priority areas and knowledge gaps, dealing with risk and uncertainty, and developing management strategies for the desired future C & I development and evaluation criteria
iv) Preference elicitation Field verification and C & I assessment Participatory resource mapping, social mapping, field visits, transects, household surveys, and multiple criteria techniques MCA tools, techniques, and scenario analyses Communication and knowledge sharing regarding multiple directions and preferences Weight criteria, indicators, and qualitative and quantitative assessments
v) Application Appropriate collective actions Meetings, reflection, working strategies, and the formation of sub-action groups Data collection and dissemination, analysis of results and of management options Management decisions, effective conflict management, approvals, policy implications, self-assessment, and periodic review Management strategies, self-assessment reports, and finalisation
  1. Source: Modified from Khadka and Vacik 2012